In silico analysis of potential loci for the identification of Vanda spp. in the Philippines
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Department of Biology, College of Science, Bulacan State University, Malolos, Bulacan, Philippines 3000
Department of Biology, College of Science, De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines
Online publication date: 2023-07-31
Publication date: 2023-07-31
Plant and Fungal Systematics 2023; 68(1): 223–231
Difficulties in identifying Vanda species are still encountered, and the ambiguity in its taxonomy is still unresolved. To date, the advancement in molecular genetics technology has given rise to the molecular method for plant identification and elucidation. One hundred twenty-five (125) gene sequences of Vanda species from the Philippines were obtained from the NCBI GenBank. Four of the 25 loci were further examined using MEGA 11 software for multiple sequence alignment, sequence analysis, and phylogenetic reconstruction. The indel-based and tree-based methods were combined to compute the species resolution. The result showed that ITS from the nuclear region obtained the highest species resolution with 66.67%. It was then followed by psbA-trnH, matK, and trnL-trnF from the chloroplast genome with a species resolution of 60%, 40%, and 30.77%, respectively. ITS and psbA-trnH satisfied the ideal length for DNA barcoding as they have 655 bp and 701 bp, respectively. The locus psbA-trnH was also considered to have a higher potential to discriminate Vanda species since only a few sequences were tested for ITS. Furthermore, ITS and trnL-trnF have the highest variable rate, which is 2.9%, while matK and psbA-trnH have 2% and 1.3%, respectively. This showed the nature of the unique sequences of various species. In this study, the indel-based method provided better results than the tree-based method. It will help support further DNA barcoding studies and strengthen the conservation and protection of Vanda spp. in the Philippines.
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