Three new species belonging to Capronia are described from plants native to the Andean Patagonian forests, Argentina. The first record of C. chlorospora in South America is also reported. The identity of the three new species is based on detailed morpho-anatomical observations as well as analyses of ITS and LSU nuclear rDNA. A key to the Capronia species present in Argentina is provided.
Abliz, P., Fukushima, K., Takizawa, K. & Nishimura, K. 2004. Identification of pathogenic dematiaceous fungi and related taxa based on large subunit ribosomal DNA D1/D2 domain sequence analysis. FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology 40: 41–49.
Alfaro, M. E., Zoller, S. & Lutzoni, F. 2003. Bayes or Bootstrap? A simulation study comparing the performance of Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling and bootstrapping in assessing phylogenetic confidence. Molecular Biology and Evolution 20: 255–266.
Barr, M. E. 1972. Preliminary studies on the Dothideales in temperate North America. Contributions of the University of Michigan Herbarium 9: 523–638.
Barr, M. E. 1987. Prodromus to class Loculoascomycetes. Hamilton Newel, Amherst, Massachusetts.
Barr, M. E. 1991. Notes on and additions to North-American members of the Herpotrichiellaceae. Mycotaxon 41: 419–436.
Catania, M. V. & Romero, A. I. 2008. Micromicetes asociados con corteza y/o madera de Podocarpus parlatorei Pilg. en la Argentina. IV. Ascomycetes. Lilloa 45: 3–22.
Carmarán, C., Soto, M. K. & Romero A. I. 2002. Novedades sobre Ascomycetes de Argentina. Boletín de la Sociedad Micológica de Madrid 26: 99–104.
Castresana, J. 2000. Selection of conserved blocks from multiple alignments for their use in phylogenetic analysis. Molecular Biology and Evolution 17: 540–552.
Crous, P. W., Schubert, K., Braun, U., de Hoog, G. S., Hocking, A. D., Shin, H. D. & Groenewald, J. Z. 2007. Opportunistic, human-pathogenic species in the Herpotrichiellaceae are phenotypically similar to saprobic or phytopathogenic species in the Venturiaceae. Studies in Mycology 58: 185–217.
Darriba, D., Taboada, G. L., Doallo, R. & Posada, D. 2012. jModelTest 2: more models, new heuristics and parallel computing. Nature Methods 9: 772.
De Hoog, G. S., Vicente, V. A., Najafzadeh, M. J., Harrak, M. J., Badali, H. & Seyedmousavi, S. 2011. Waterborne Exophiala species causing disease in cold-blooded animals. Persoonia 27: 46–72.
Ellis, J. B. & Everhart, B. M. 1892. The North American Pyrenomycetes. Newfield, New Jersey. p. 219–220.
Eriksson, O. 1981. The families of bitunicate ascomycetes. Opera Botanica 60: 1–220.
Etayo, J. 2003. Hongos liquenícolas de Ecuador. II. Dos nuevas especies sobre Placopsis. Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 60: 19–25.
Etayo, J. & Diederich, P. 1996. Lichenicolous fungi from the western Pyrenees, France and Spain. II. More deuteromycetes. Mycotaxon 60: 415–428.
Etayo, J. & Diederich, P. 1998. Lichenicolous fungi from the western Pyrenees, France and Spain. IV. Ascomycetes. Lichenologist 30: 103–120.
Etayo, J., Flakus, A. & Kukwa, M. 2013. Capronia paranectrioides (Herpotrichiellaceae, Ascomycota), a new lichenicolous fungus from Bolivia. Lichenologist 45: 623–626.
Etayo, J. & García Sancho L. 2008. Hongos liquenícolas del Sur de Sudamérica, especialmente de Isla Navarino (Chile). Bibliotheca Lichenologica 98: 1–302.
Farr, M. L. 1973. An annotated list of Spegazzini’s fungus taxa. II: 1–1661.
Feng, P. Y., de Hoog, G. S., Najafzadeh, M. J., Gerrits van den Ende, A. H. G., Stielow, J. B., Badali, H., Boeger, W. A. & Vicente, V. A. 2014. Cladophialophora abundans, a novel species of Chaetothyriales isolated from the natural environment. Mycological Progress 13: 381–391.
Flakus, A. & Kukwa, M. 2012. New species of lichenicolous fungi from Bolivia. Lichenologist 44: 469–477.
Friebes, G. 2011 Capronia muriformis spec. nov. and two new combinations in the genus Capronia (Ascomycota). 3: 35–39.
Gallo, M. C., Robledo, G., Romero, A. I. & Catania, M. V. 2014. New records of Ascomycota in the northwestern Argentinean Yungas. Check List 10: 621–631.
Gardes, M. & Bruns, T. D. 1993. ITS primers with enhanced specificity for basidiomycetes-application to the identification of mycorrhizae and rusts. Molecular Ecology 2: 113–118.
Gouy, M., Guindon, S. & Gascuel, O. 2010. SeaView 4: a multiplatform graphical user interface for sequence alignment and phylogenetic tree building. Molecular Biology and Evolution 27: 221–224.
Gueidan, C., Rouxe, C. & Lutzoni, F. 2007. Using a multigene phylogenetic analysis to assess generic delineation and character evolution in Verrucariaceae (Verrucariales, Ascomycota). Mycological Research 111: 1145–1168.
Guindon, S. & Gascuel, O. 2003. A simple, fast, and accurate algorithm to estimate large phylogenies by maximum likelihood. Systematic Biology 52: 696–704.
Halici, M. G., Hawksworth, D. L., Candan, M. & Türk, A. Ö. 2010. A new lichenicolous species of Capronia (Ascomycota, Herpotrichiellaceae), with a key to the known lichenicolous species of the genus. Fungal Diversity 40: 37–40.
Hamada, N. & Abe, N. 2010. Growth characteristics of four fungal species in bathrooms. Biocontrol Science 15: 111–115.
Hillis, D. M. & Bull, J. J. 1993. An empirical test of bootstrapping as a method for assessing confidence in phylogenetic analysis. Systematic Biology 42: 182–192.
Huelsenbeck, J. P. & Ronquist, F. 2001. MrBayes: Bayesian inference of phylogeny. Bioinformatics 17: 754–755.
Huelsenbeck, J. P. & Ronquist, F. 2005. Bayesian analysis of molecular evolution using MrBayes. In: Nielsen, R. (ed.), Statistical methods in molecular evolution, pp. 183–226. Statistics for Biology and Health. Springer, New York, NY.
INCT Herbário Virtual da Flora e dos Fungos 2019. Available online at
Iturriaga, T. & Minter, D. W. 2006. Hongos de Venezuela. Available online at
James, T. Y., Kauff, F., Schoch, C. L., Matheny, P. B., Hofstetter, V., Cox, C. J., Celio, G., Gueidan, C., Fraker, E., Miadlikowska, J., Lumbsch, H. T., Rauhut, A., Reeb, V., Arnold, A. E., Amtoft, A., Stajich, J. E., Hosaka, K., Sung, G. H., Johnson, D., O’Rourke, B., Crockett, M., Binder, M., Curtis, J. M., Slot, J. C., Wang, Z., Wilson, A. W., Schussler, A., Longcore, J. E., O’Donnell, K., Mozley-Standridge, S., Porter, D., Letcher, P. M., Powell, M. J., Taylor, J. W., White, M. M., Griffith, G. W., Davies, D. R., Humber, R. A., Morton, J. B., Sugiyama, J., Rossman, A. Y., Rogers, J. D., Pfister, D. H., Hewitt, D., Hansen, K., Hambleton, S., Shoemaker, R. A., Kohlmeyer, J., Volkmann-Kohlmeyer, B., Spotts, R. A., Serdani, M., Crous, P. W., Hughes, K. W., Matsuura, K., Langer, E., Langer, G., Untereiner, W. A., Lucking, R., Budel, B., Geiser, D. M., Aptroot, A., Diederich, P., Schmitt, I., Schultz, M., Yahr, R., Hibbett, D. S., Lutzoni, F., McLaughlin, D. J., Spatafora, J. W., & Vilgalys, R. 2006. Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny. Nature 443(7113): 818–822.
Jayasiri, S. C., Wanasinghe, D. N., Ariyawansa, H. A., Jones, E. B. G., Kang, J. C., Promputtha, I., Bahkali, A. H., Bhat, J., Camporesi, E. & Hyde, K. D. 2015. Two novel species of Vagicola (Phaeosphaeriaceae) from Italy. Mycosphere 6: 716–728.
Larget, B. & Simon, D. L. 1999. Markov chain Monte Carlo Algorithms for the Bayesian analysis of phylogenetic trees. Molecular Biology and Evolution 16: 750–759.
Marincowitz, S., Crous, P. W., Groenewald, J. Z. & Wingfield, M. J. 2008. Microfungi occurring on Proteaceae in the fynbos. CBS Biodiversity Series 7: 1–166.
Miller, M., Pfeiffer, W. & Schwartz T. 2010. Creating the CIPRES science gateway for inference of large phylogenetic trees. In: proceedings of the Gateway Computing Environments Workshop (GCE), pp. 1–8.
Minter, D. W. & Peredo López, H. 2006. Fungi of Chile. [ (website, version 1.00, viewed online on February 2019)].
Minter, D. W. & Silva, M. 2007. Fungi of Brazil. [ (website, version 1.00, viewed online on February 2019)].
Müller, E., Petrini, O., Fisher, P. J., Samuels, G. J. & Rossman, A. Y. 1987. Taxonomy and anamorphs of the Herpotrichiellaceae with notes on generic synonymy. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 88: 63–74.
MyCoPortal. 2019. http// Accessed on February 2019.
Posada, D. & Buckley, T. R. 2004. Model selection and model averaging in phylogenetics: advantages of Akaike information criterion and Bayesian approaches over likelihood ratio tests. Systematic Biology 53: 793–808.
Promputtha, I. & Miller, A. N. 2010. Three new species of Acanthostigma (Tubeufiaceae, Dothideomycetes) from Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Mycologia 102: 574–587.
Rakeman, J. L., Bui, U., Lafe, K., Chen, Y. C., Honeycutt, R. J. & Cookson, B. T. 2005. Multilocus DNA sequence comparisons rapidly identify pathogenic molds. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 43: 3324–3333.
Réblová, M. 1996. Two new Capronia species from the Czech Republic. Czech Mycology 49: 77–83.
Réblová, M. 1997. Fungal Diversity in the Czech Republic. New species of Apiorhynchostoma, Capronia, Ceratosphaeria and Lasosphaeria. Sydowia 50: 229–251.
Réblová, M. & Svrcek, M. 1997. New records of Pyrenomycetes from the Czech and Slovak Republics II. Some rare and interesting species of the orders Dothideales and Sordariales. Czech Mycology 49: 207–227.
Rehner, S. A. & Samuels, G. J. 1995. Molecular systematics of the Hypocreales: a teleomorph gene phylogeny and the status of their anamorphs. Canadian Journal of Botany 73 (Suppl 1): S816–S823.
Rodríguez, F. J., Oliver, J. L., Marin, A. & Medina, J. R. 1990. The general stochastic model of nucleotide substitution. Journal of Theoretical Biology 142: 485–501.
Rodriguez-Flakus, P., Kukwa, M., Etayo, J., Lücking, R., Meneses, R. I., Rivas-Plata, E., Stanton, D., Truong, C., Vargas, R. & Flakus, A. 2016. Preliminary catalogue of lichens and lichenicolous fungi from Bolivia. Version 1.5 (31 December 2016).
Schol-Schwarz, M. B. 1968. Rhinocladiella, its synonym Fonsecaea and its relation to Phialophora. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 34: 119–154.
Seyedmousavi, S., Netea, M. G., Mouton, J. W., Melchers, W. J. G., Verweij, P. E. & de Hoog, S. 2014. Black yeasts and their filamentous relatives: principles of pathogenesis and host defense. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 27: 527–542.
Swofford, D. L. 2002. PAUP* 4.0b10: phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (*and other methods). Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates.
Talavera, G. & Castresana, J. 2007. Improvement of phylogenies after removing divergent and ambiguously aligned blocks from protein sequence alignments. Systematic Biology 56: 564–577.
Teixeira, M. M., Moreno, L. F., Stielow, B. J., Muszewska, A., Hainaut, M., Gonzaga, L., Abouelleil, A., Patané, J. S. L., Priest, M., Souza, R., Young, S., Ferreira, K. S., Zeng, Q., da Cunha, M. M. L., Gladki, A., Barker, B., Vicente, V. A., de Souza, E. M., Almeida, S., Henrissat, B., Vasconcelos, A. T. R., Deng, S., Voglmayr, H., Moussa, T. A. A., Gorbushina, A., Felipe, M. S. S., Cuomo, C. A. & de Hoog, G. S. 2017. Exploring the genomic diversity of black yeasts and relatives (Chaetothyriales, Ascomycota). Studies Mycology 86: 1–28.
Tsurykau, A. & Etayo, J. 2017. Capronia suijae (Herpotrichiellaceae, Eurotiomycetes), a new fungus on Xanthoria parietina from Belarus, with a key to the lichenicolous species growing on Xanthoria s. str. The Lichenologist 49: 1–12.
Untereiner, W. A. 1997. Taxonomy of selected members of the ascomycete genus Capronia with notes on anamorph-teleomorph connections. Mycologia 89: 120–131.
Untereiner, W. A. 2000. Capronia and its anamorphs: exploring the value of morphological and molecular characters in the systematics of the Herpotrichiellaceae. Studies in Mycology 45: 141–149.
Untereiner, W. A., Angus, A., Réblová, M. & Orr, M. J. 2008. Systematics of the Phialophora verrucosa complex: new insights of the analyses of ß-tubulin, large subunit nuclear rDNA and ITS sequences. Botany 86: 742–750.
Untereiner, W. A., Gueidan, C., Orr, M. A. & Diederich, P. 2011. The phylogenetic position of the lichenicolous ascomycete Capronia peltigerae. Fungal Diversity 49: 225–233.
Untereiner, W. A. & Naveau, F. A.1999. Molecular systematics of the Herpotrichiellaceae with an assessment of the phylogenetic positions of Exophiala dermatitidis and Phialophora americana. Mycologia 91: 67–83.
Vetlesen, P. 2017. Sopp (Ascomycota & Basidiomycota) i Rotlia naturreservat. Oversikt over hvilke sopparter som er funnet i Rotlia naturreservat. Fylkesmannen i Hedmark Rapport nummer 2.
Vilgalys, R. & Hester, M. 1990. Rapid identification and mapping of enzymatically amplified ribosomal DNA from several Crytococcus species. Journal of Bacteriology 172: 4238–4246.
Vitale, R. G. & de Hoog, G. S. 2002. Molecular diversity, new species and antifungal susceptibilities in the Exophiala spinifera clade. Medical Mycology 40: 545–556.
Vu, D., Groenewald, M., de Vries, M., Gehrmann, T., Stielow, B., Eberhardt, U., Al-Hatmi, A., Groenewald, J. Z., Cardinali, G., Houbraken, J., Boekhout, T., Crous, P. W., Robert, V. & Verkley, G. J. M. 2019. Large-scale generation and analysis of filamentous fungal DNA barcodes boosts coverage for kingdom fungi and reveals thresholds for fungal species and higher taxon delimitation. Studies in Mycology 92: 135–154.
White, T. J., Bruns, T., Lee, S. B. & Taylor, J. W. 1990. Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: Innis, M. A., Gelfand, D. H., Sninsky, J. J., White, T. J. (eds.) PCR protocols: a guide to methods and application, pp. 315–322. Academic Press, San Diego.
Zeng, X-Y., Jeewon R., Wen, T-C., Hongsanan, S., Boonmee, S. & Hyde, K. D. 2018. Simplified and efficient DNA extraction protocol for Meliolaceae specimens. Mycological Progress 17: 403–415.
Zhurbenko, M. P. 2012. Lichenicolous fungi growing on Thamnolia, mainly from the Holarctic, with a worldwide key to the known species. Lichenologist 44: 147–177.
Zhurbenko, M. P., Etayo, J., Demidova, A. N. & Zhdanov, I. S. 2016. Capronia josefhafellneri sp. nov. (Ascomycota, Herpotrichiellaceae) and some other lichenicolous fungi from Vietnam. Herzogia 29: 364–373.
‘Sussex Spring Fungus Fortnight’ reveals several new British species and a previously unknown anamorph-teleomorph relationship
Nick Aplin
Field Mycology
Palaeomycology: a modern mycological view of fungal palynomorphs
Otaño Nuñez, M. Bianchinotti, Mario Saparrat
Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Hagnosa longicapillata, gen. nov., sp. nov., a New Sordariaceous Ascomycete in the Indoor Environment, and the Proposal of Hagnosaceae fam. nov.
Donát Magyar, András Tartally, Zsolt Merényi
The numbers of fungi: contributions from traditional taxonomic studies and challenges of metabarcoding
Chayanard Phukhamsakda, Rolf Nilsson, Chitrabhanu Bhunjun, Farias de, Ya-Ru Sun, Subodini Wijesinghe, Mubashar Raza, Dan-Feng Bao, Li Lu, Saowaluck Tibpromma, Wei Dong, Danushka Tennakoon, Xing-Guo Tian, Yin-Ru Xiong, Samantha Karunarathna, Lei Cai, Zong-Long Luo, Yong Wang, Ishara Manawasinghe, Erio Camporesi, Paul Kirk, Itthayakorn Promputtha, Chang-Hsin Kuo, Hong-Yan Su, Mingkwan Doilom, Yu Li, Yong-Ping Fu, Kevin Hyde
Fungal Diversity
Exploring diversity rock-inhabiting fungi from northern Thailand: a new genus and three new species belonged to the family Herpotrichiellaceae
Tanapol Thitla, Jaturong Kumla, Sinang Hongsanan, Chanokned Senwanna, Surapong Khuna, Saisamorn Lumyong, Nakarin Suwannarach
Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Taxonomy of rock-inhabiting fungi from James Ross Island, Antarctica
Monika Laichmanová
Czech Polar Reports
New records of mitosporic ascomycetes on Nothofagaceae from Patagonia, Argentina
Romina Magali Sanchez, Maria Virginia Bianchinotti
Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica
Exophiala chapopotensis sp. nov., an extremotolerant black yeast from an oil-polluted soil in Mexico; phylophenetic approach to species hypothesis in the Herpotrichiellaceae family
Martín R. Ide-Pérez, Ayixon Sánchez-Reyes, Jorge Luis Folch-Mallol, María del Rayo Sánchez-Carbente, Rajeev Singh
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top