Atronectria thelotrematis, a lichenicolous pyrenomycete growing on Thelotrema lepadinum, is described as new to science from Chile. The species is characterized by black perithecioid ascomata; a brown, not changing color in K and lactic acid, N+ reddish orange exciple resembling textura angularis or textura epidermoidea; 0–4-septate periphyses; a I−, K/I− hymenium with rather rare lipid droplets; the absence of distinct interascal filaments; inoperculate, unitunicate, cylindrical, 8-spored, I−, K/I− asci; and hyaline to occasionally light brown, smooth to mostly finely verruculose, 1-septate, homopolar ascospores, uniseriate in the ascus. A key to ten species of lichenicolous fungi known to occur on Thelotrema is provided.
This study was carried out within the framework of the research project of the V. L. Komarov Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences ‘Biodiversity, ecology, structural and functional features of fungi and fungus-like protists’ (122011900033-4) using the equipment of its Core Facility Center ‘Cell and Molecular Technologies in Plant Science’. The author’s visit to UPS herbarium was financially supported by the Rolf Santesson foundation.
Alstrup, V., Svane, S. & Søchting, U. 2004. Additions to the lichen flora of Denmark VI. Graphis Scripta 15: 45–50.
Brackel, W. von 2009. Weitere Funde von flechtenbewohnenden Pilzen in Bayern – Beitrag zu einer Checkliste IV. Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft 79: 5–55.
Brackel, W. von 2010. Some lichenicolous fungi and lichens from Iceland, including Lichenopeltella uncialicola sp. nov. Herzogia 23: 93–109. https://doi.org/10.13158/heia.....
Brackel, W. von 2015. Lichenicolous fungi from Central Italy with notes on some remarkable hepaticolous, algicolous and lichenized fungi. Herzogia 28: 212–281. https://doi.org/10.13158/heia.....
Brackel, W. von 2019. Weitere Funde von flechtenbewohnenden Pilzen in Bayern – Beitrag zu einer Checkliste VI. Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft 89: 105–126.
Cannon, P., Coppins, B. J., Ertz, D., Fletcher, A., Pentecost, A. & Simkin, J. 2021. Arthoniales: Opegraphaceae, including the genera Llimonaea, Opegrapha, Paralecanographa and Sparria. Revisions of British and Irish Lichens 13: 1–19.
Coppins, B. J. 1987. Two new lichenicolous species of Opegrapha from western Scotland. Notes from the Royal Botanical Garden Edinburgh 44: 601–606.
Coppins, B. J. 1989. Notes on the Arthoniaceae in the British Isles. The Lichenologist 21: 195–216. https://doi.org/10.1017/S00242....
Darmostuk, V. V. & Khodosovtsev, A. Ye. 2017. Lichenicolous fungi of Ukraine: an annotated checklist. Studies in Fungi 2(1): 138–156. http://dx.doi.org/10.5943/sif/....
Diederich, P. 2003. New species and new records of American lichenicolous fungi. Herzogia 16: 41−90.
Diederich, P. & Etayo, J. 2000. A synopsis of the genera Skyttea, Llimoniella and Rhymbocarpus (lichenicolous Ascomycota, Leotiales). The Lichenologist 32: 423–485. https://doi.org/10.1006/lich.2....
Diederich, P., Lawrey, J. D. & Ertz, D. 2018. The 2018 classification and checklist of lichenicolous fungi, with 2000 non-lichenized, obligately lichenicolous taxa. The Bryologist 121: 340–425. https://doi.org/10.1639/0007-2....
Diederich, P., Millanes, A. M., Wedin, M. & Lawrey, J. D. 2022. Flora of Lichenicolous Fungi, Vol. 1, Basidiomycota. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg. 351 pp.
Ertz, D., Lawrey, J. D., Common, R. S. & Diederich, P. 2014. Molecular data resolve a new order of Arthoniomycetes sister to the primarily lichenized Arthoniales and composed of black yeasts, lichenicolous and rock-inhabiting species. Fungal Diversity 66: 113–137. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225....
Etayo, J. 2002. Aportación al conocimiento de los hongos liquenícolas de Colombia. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 84: 1–154.
Etayo, J. 2010a. Hongos liquenícolas de Perú: Homenaje a Rolf Santesson. Bulletin de la Société Linnéenne de Provence 61: 1‒46.
Etayo, J. 2010b. Líquenes y hongos liquenícolas de Aragón. Guineana 16: 1–501.
Etayo, J. 2017. Hongos liquenícolas de Ecuador. Opera Lilloana 50: 1‒535.
Etayo, J. 2018. Hongos liquenícolas de las islas Azores. I. Terceira. Ascomycete.org 10(3): 107–116.
Etayo, J. & Aptroot, A. 2006. Líquenes epífitos y hongos liquenícolas de Bahía Honda (Veraguas, Panamá). In: Castroviejo, S. & Ibáñez, A. (eds), Estudios sobre la biodiversidad de la región de Bahía Honda (Veraguas, Panamá). Bibliotheca de Ciencias 20, pp. 63–93. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas Instituto de España, Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, Madrid.
Etayo, J. & Navarro-Rosinés, P. 2008. Una combinación y tres especies nuevas de Lichenochora (Phyllachorales, ascomicetes liquenícolas), y notas adicionales para el género. Revista Catalana de Micologia 30: 27−44.
Etayo, J. & Sancho, L. G. 2008. Hongos liquenícolas del Sur de Sudamérica, especialmente de Isla Navarino (Chile). Bibliotheca Lichenologica 98: 1–302.
Flakus, A., Etayo, J., Miadlikowska, J., Lutzoni, F., Kukwa, M., Matura, N. & Rodriguez-Flakus, P. 2019. Biodiversity assessment of ascomycetes inhabiting Lobariella lichens in Andean cloud forests led to one new family, three new genera and 13 new species of lichenicolous fungi. Plant and Fungal Systematics 64: 283–344. https://doi.org/10.2478/pfs-20....
Grube, M. & Hafellner, J. 1990. Studien an flechtenbewohnenden Pilzen der Sammelgattung Didymella (Ascomycetes, Dothideales). Nova Hedwigia 51: 283–360.
Hafellner, J. 1989. Studien über lichenicole Pilze und Flechten VII. Über die neue Gattung Lichenochora (Ascomycetes, Phyllachorales). Nova Hedwigia 48: 357‒370.
Hafellner, J. & Mayrhofer, H. 2007. A contribution to the knowledge of lichenicolous fungi and lichens occurring in New Zealand. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 95: 225–266.
Hafellner, J. & Navarro-Rosinés, P. 2004. Lichenochora. In: Nash III, T. H., Ryan, B. D., Diederich, P., Gries, C. & Bungartz, F. (eds). Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region. Vol. II, pp. 656–659. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona.
Halici, M. G., Knudsen, K. & Candan, M. 2009. Lichenochora atrans (Phyllachoraceae), a new lichenicolous species on Psora decipiens from Turkey. Mycotaxon 109: 239–243. https://doi.org/10.5248/109.23....
Heuchert, B., Braun, U., Diederich, P. & Ertz, D. 2018. Taxonomic monograph of the genus Taeniolella s. lat. (Ascomycota). Fungal Systematics and Evolution 2: 69–261. https://doi.org/10.3114/fuse.2....
Hoffmann, N. & Hafellner, J. 2000. Eine Revision der lichenicolen Arten der Sammelgattungen Guignardia und Physalospora (Ascomycotina). Bibliotheca Lichenologica 77: 1–190.
Hyde, K. D., Norphanphoun, C. & Maharachchikumbura, S. S. N. et al. 2020. Refined families of Sordariomycetes. Mycosphere 11: 305–1059. http://dx.doi.org/10.5943/myco....
James, P. W. & Hawksworth, D. L. 2009. Thelotrema Ach. (1803). In: Smith, C. W., Aptroot, A., Coppins, B. J., Fletcher, A., Gilbert, O. L., James, P. W. & Wolseley, P. A. (eds), The Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland, pp. 891–893. British Lichen Society, London.
Kornerup, A. & Wanscher, J. H. 1978. Methuen handbook of colour, 3rd ed., reprinted. Eyre Methuen Ltd, London. 252 pp.
Maharachchikumbura, S. S. N., Hyde, K. D., Jones, E. B. G. & McKenzie, E. H. C. et al. 2016. Families of Sordariomycetes. Fungal Diversity 79: 1–317. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225....
MycoBank. 2022. [WWW resource] URL: http://www.mycobank.org (Accessed 18.08.2022).
Nash III, T. H., Gries, C. & Bungartz, F. (eds). 2007. Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region. Vol. III. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona.
Parnmen, S., Lücking, R. & Lumbsch, H. T. 2012. Phylogenetic classification at generic level in the absence of distinct phylogenetic patterns of phenotypical variation: A case study in Graphidaceae (Ascomycota). PLoS ONE 7(12): e51392. https://doi.org/10.1371/journa....
Rivas Plata, E., Kalb, K. & Frisch, A. 2010. Wirthiotrema: A new genus for the Thelotrema glaucopallens group (Ascomycota: Ostropales: thelotremoid Graphidaceae). The Lichenologist 42: 197–202. https://doi.org/10.1017/S00242....
Rossman, A. Y. 1983. The phragmosporous species of Nectria and related genera (Calonectria, Ophionectria, Paranectria, Scoleconectria and Trichonectria). Mycological Papers 150: 1–164.
Samuels, G. J. & Rogerson, C. T. 1984. Nectria atrofusca and its anamorph, Fusarium staphyleae, a parasite of Staphylea trifolia in Eastern North America. Brittonia 36: 81–85.
Schroers, H.-J., Gräfenhan, T., Nirenberg, H. I. & Seifert, K. A. 2011. A revision of Cyanonectria and Geejayessia gen. nov., and related species with Fusarium-like anamorphs. Studies in Mycology 68: 115–138.
Sherwood, M. A., Hawksworth, D. L. & Coppins, B. J. 1981 [‘1980’]. Skyttea, a new genus of odontotremoid lichenicolous fungi. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 75: 479–490.
Spribille, T., Pérez-Ortega, S., Tønsberg, T. & Schirokauer, D. 2010. Lichens and lichenicolous fungi of the Klondike Gold Rush National Historic Park, Alaska, in a global biodiversity context. The Bryologist 113: 439–515. https://doi.org/10.1639/0007-2....
Spribille, T., Fryday, A. M., Pérez-Ortega, S., Svensson, M., Tønsberg, T., Ekman, S., Holien, H., Resl, P., Schneider, K., Stabentheiner, E., Thüs, H., Vondrák, J. & Sharman, L. 2020. Lichens and associated fungi from Glacier Bay National Park, Alaska. The Lichenologist 52: 61–181. https://doi.org/10.1017/S00242....
Stirton, J. 1879. New and rare lichens from India and the Himalayas. Proceedings of the Philosophical Society of Glasgow 11: 306–322.
Zhurbenko, M. P. 2008. Lichenochora thorii (Phyllachorales), a new lichenicolous ascomycete from Europe. Nova Hedwigia 87: 509–512. https://doi.org/10.1127/0029-5....
Zhurbenko, M. P. 2013. Lichenicolous fungi and some allied lichens from the Canadian Arctic. Opuscula Philolichenum 12: 180‒197.
Zhurbenko, M. P. 2021. Studies on lichenicolous fungi in the Uppsala (UPS) collection curated by the late Rolf Santesson. Herzogia 34: 493–507. https://doi.org/10.13158/heia.....
Zhurbenko, M. P. 2022a. Sclerococcum knudsenii (Ascomycota, Sclerococcales), a new lichenicolous fungus on Polycauliona bolacina from California. Herzogia 35: 131–137. https://doi.org/10.13158/heia.....
Zhurbenko, M. P. 2022b. Two new species of Lichenotubeufia (Dothideomycetes, Tubeufiales) from Chile and New Zealand, with a revised key to the genus. The Lichenologist 54: 117–122. https://doi.org/10.1017/S00242....
Zhurbenko, M. P. & Brackel, W. von 2013. Checklist of lichenicolous fungi and lichenicolous lichens of Svalbard, including new species, new records and revisions. Herzogia 26: 323–359. https://doi.org/10.13158/heia.....
Zhurbenko, M. P. & Yakovchenko, L. S. 2014. A new species, Sagediopsis vasilyevae, and other lichenicolous fungi from Zabaikal’skii Territory of Russia, southern Siberia. Folia Cryptogamica Estonica 51: 121–130. https://doi.org/10.12697/fce.2....
Zhurbenko, M. P., Himelbrant, D. E., Kuznetsova, E. S. & Stepanchikova, I. S. 2012. Lichenicolous fungi from the Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. The Bryologist 115: 295−312. https://doi.org/10.1639/0007-2....
Zhurbenko, M. P., Frisch, A., Ohmura, Y. & Thor, G. 2015. Lichenicolous fungi from Japan and Korea: new species, new records and a first synopsis for Japan. Herzogia 28: 762−789. https://doi.org/10.13158/heia.....
Zhurbenko, M. P., Enkhtuya, O. & Javkhlan, S. 2019. A first synopsis of lichenicolous fungi of Mongolia, with the description of five new species. Plant and Fungal Systematics 64: 345–366. https://doi.org/10.2478/pfs-20....
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top