Extremus adstrictus from a dolomite wall in Poland: the first report outside Mallorca
More details
Hide details
Department of Mycology, W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lubicz 46, 31-512 Kraków, Poland
Online publication date: 2020-12-29
Publication date: 2020-12-29
Plant and Fungal Systematics 2020; 65(2): 624–630
Most species belonging to the Extremaceae family are rock-inhabiting fungi (RIF), which have a deteriorative potential towards colonized substrate. Extremus adstrictus originally isolated from limestone formations in Mallorca is reported from a dolomite wall in Poland. It is the first non-Spanish documented occurrence of this species. Identification of the strain is supported by morphological and molecular analyses. Sequences of uncharacterized fungal cultures and environmental data are analyzed in order to verify probable distribution of Extremus adstrictus.
Breitenbach, R., Silbernagl, D., Toepel, J., Sturm, H., Broughton, W. J., Sassaki, G. L. & Gorbushina, A. A. 2018. Corrosive extracellular polysaccharides of the rock-inhabiting model fungus Knufia petricola. Extremophiles 22: 165–175.
Brewer, T. E. & Fierer, N. 2017. Tales from the tomb: the microbial ecology of exposed rock surfaces. Environmental Microbiology 20: 958–970.
Cheewangkoon, R., Groenewald, J. Z., Summerell, B. A., Hyde, K. D., To-anun, C. & Crous, P. W. 2009. Myrtaceae, a cache of fungal biodiversity. Persoonia 23: 55–85.
Crous, P. W., Schumacher, R. K., Akulov, A., Thangavel, R., Hernández-Restrepo, M., Carnegie, A. J., Cheewangkoon, R., Wingfield, M. J., Summerell, B. A., Quaedvlieg, W., Coutinho, T. A., Roux, J., Wood, A. R., Giraldo, A. & Groenewald, J. Z. 2019. New and Interesting fungi. 2. Fungal Systematics and Evolution 3: 57–134.
Dadachova, E. & Casadevall, A. 2008. Ionizing radiation: how fungi cope, adapt and exploit with the help of melanin. Current Opinion in Microbiology 11: 525–531.
De Leo, F., Antonelli, F., Pietrini, A. M., Ricci, S. & Urzì, C. 2019. Study of the euendolithic activity of black meristematic fungi isolated from a marble statue in the Quirinale Palace’s Gardens in Rome, Italy. Facies 65: 18.
Delgado, G., Miller, A. N. & Piepenbring, M. 2018. South Florida microfungi: Castanedospora, a new genus to accommodate Sporidesmium pachyanthicola (Capnodiales, Ascomycota). Cryptogamie Mycologie 39: 109–127.
Egidi, E., de Hoog, G. S., Isola, D., Onofri, S., Quaedvlieg, W., de Vries, M., Verkley, G. J. M., Stielow, J. B., Zucconi, L. & Selbmann, L. 2014. Phylogeny and taxonomy of meristematic rock-inhabiting black fungi in the Dothideomycetes based on multi-locus phylogenies. Fungal Diversity 65: 127–165.
Friedmann, E. I. 1982. Endolithic microorganisms in the Antarctic cold desert. Science 215: 1045–1053.
Gardes, M. & Bruns, T. D. 1993. ITS primers with enhanced specificity for basidiomycetes – application to the identification of mycorrhizas and rusts. Molecular Ecology 2: 113–118.
Gerrits, R., Pokharel, R., Breitenbach, R., Radnik, J., Feldmann, I., Schuessler, J. A., von Blanckenburg, F., Gorbushina, A. A. & Schott, J. 2020. How the rock-inhabiting fungus K. petricola A95 enhances olivine dissolution through attachment. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Volume 282: 76–97.
Gerrits, R., Wirth, R., Schreiber, A., Feldmann, I., Knabe, N,. Schott, J., Benning, L. G. & Gorbushina A. A. 2021. High-resolution imaging of fungal biofilm-induced olivine weathering. Chemical Geology 559: 119902. [Available online 24 September 2020].
Gerrits van den Ende, A. H. G. & de Hoog, G. S. 1999. Variability and molecular diagnostics of the neurotropic species Cladophialophora bantiana. Studies in Mycology 43: 151–162.
Gorbushina, A. A. & Krumbein, W. E. 2000. Subaerial microbial mats and their effects on soil and rock. In: Riding, R. & Awramik, S. (eds), Microbial sediments, pp. 161–170. Springer, Berlin.
Grøntoft, T. 2017. Conservation-restoration costs for limestone façades due to air pollution in Krakow, Poland, meeting European target values and expected climate change. Sustainable Cities and Society 29: 169–177.
Hölker, U., Bend, J., Pracht, R., Tetsch, L., Müller, T., Höfer, M. & de Hoog, G. S. (2004). Hortaea acidophila, a new acid-tolerant black yeast from lignite. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 86: 287–294.
Hongsanan, S., Hyde, K. D., Phookamsak, R., Wanasinghe, D. N., McKenzie, E. H. C., Sarma, V. V., Boonmee, S., Lücking, R., Bhat, D. J., Liu, N. G., Tennakoon, D. S., Pem, D., Karunarathna, A., Jiang, S. H., Jones, E. B. G., Phillips, A. J. L., Manawasinghe, I. S., Tibpromma, S., Jayasiri, S. C., Sandamali, D. S., Jayawardena, R.S,. Wijayawardene, N. N., Ekanayaka, A. H., Jeewon, R., Lu, Y. Z., Dissanayake, A. J., Zeng, X. Y., Luo, Z. L., Tian, Q., Phukhamsakda, C., Thambugala, K. M., Dai, D. Q., Chethana, K. W. T., Samarakoon, M. C., Ertz, D., Bao, D. F., Doilom, M., Liu, J. K., PérezOrtega, S., Suija, A., Senwanna, C., Wijesinghe, S. N., Konta, S., Niranjan, M., Zhang, S. N., Ariyawansa, H. A., Jiang, H. B., Zhang, J. F., Norphanphoun, C., de Silva, N. I., Thiyagaraja, V., Zhang, H., Bezerra, J. D. P., Miranda-González, R., Aptroot, A., Kashiwadani, H., Harishchandra, D., Sérusiaux, E., Aluthmuhandiram, J. V. S., Abeywickrama, P. D., Devadatha, B., Wu, H. X., Moon, K. H., Gueidan, C., Schumm, F., Bundhun, D., Mapook, A., Monkai, J., Chomnunti, P., Suetrong, S., Chaiwan, N., Dayarathne, M. C., Yang, J., Rathnayaka, A. R., Bhunjun, C. S., Xu, J. C., Zheng, J. S., Liu, G., Feng, Y. & Xie, N. 2020. Refined families of Dothideomycetes: Dothideomycetidae and Pleosporomycetidae. Mycosphaere 11: 1553–2107.
Isola, D., Selbmann, L., de Hoog, G. S., Fenice, M., Onofri, S., Prenafeta-Boldu, F. X. & Zucconi, L. 2013. Isolation and screening of black fungi as degraders of volatile aromatic hydrocarbons. Mycopathologia 175: 369–379.
Isola, D., Zucconi, L., Onofri, S., Caneva, G., de Hoog, G. S. & Selbmann, L. 2016. Extremotolerant rock inhabiting black fungi from Italian monumental sites. Fungal Diversity 76: 75–96.
Jiang, Y. L., Wu, Y. M., Yang, B., Xu, J. J., Zhang, Z. G., Kong, J. H. & Zhang, T. Y. 2017. Cladosporium, Phialophora, Pseudoramichloridium & Ticogloea spp. nov. from China. Mycotaxon 132: 677–684.
Katoh, K., Kuma, K., Toh, H. & Miyata, T. 2005. MAFFT version 5: improvement in accuracy of multiple sequence alignment. Nucleic Acids Research 33: 511–518.
Kumar, S., Stecher, G., Li, M., Knyaz, C. & Tamura, K. 2018. MEGA X: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis across computing platforms. Molecular Biology and Evolution 35: 1547–1549.
Lanfear, R., Frandsen, P. B., Wright, A. M., Senfeld, T. & Calcott, B. 2016. PartitionFinder 2: New methods for selecting partitioned models of evolution for molecular and morphological phylogenetic analyses. Molecular Biology and Evolution 34: 772–773.
Marčiulynas, A., Marčiulynienė, D., Lynikienė, J., Gedminas, G., Vaičiukynė, M. & Menkis, A. 2020. Fungi and Oomycetes in the Irrigation Water of Forest Nurseries. Forests 11: 459.
Marvasi, M., Donnarumma, F., Frandi, A., Mastromei, G., Sterflinger, K., Tiano, P. & Perito, B. 2012. Black microcolonial fungi as deteriogens of two famous marble statues in Florence, Italy. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 68: 36–44.
Miller, M. A., Pfeiffer, W. & Schwartz, T. 2010. Creating the CIPRES Science Gateway for inference of large phylogenetic trees. In: Proceedings of the Gateway Computing Environments Workshop (GCE), pp. 1–8, New Orleans, LA.
O’Donnell, K. 1993. Fusarium and its near relatives. In: Reynolds, D. R. & Taylor, J. W. (eds), The fungal holomorph: mitotic, meiotic and pleomorphic speciation in fungal systematics, pp. 225–233. Wallingford, CAB International.
Onofri, S., de la Torre, R., de Vera, J. P., Ott, S., Zucconi, L., Selbmann, L., Scalzi, G., Venkateswaran, K. J., Rabbow, E., Sánchez Iñigo, F. J. & Horneck, G. 2012. Survival of rock-colonizing organisms after 1.5 years in outer space. Astrobiology 12: 508–516.
Onofri, S., Zucconi, L., Isola, D. & Selbmann, L. 2014. Rock-inhabiting fungi and their role in deterioration of stone monuments in the Mediterranean area. Plant Biosystems 148: 384–391.
Owczarek-Kościelniak, M. & Sterflinger, K. 2018. First records of Knufia marmoricola from limestone outcrops in the Wyżyna Krakowsko-Częstochowska Upland, Poland. Phytotaxa 357: 94–106.
Owczarek-Kościelniak, M., Krzewicka, B., Piątek, J., Kołodziejczyk, Ł. M. & Kapusta, P. 2020. Is there link between the biological colonization of the gravestone and its deterioration? International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 148: 104879.
Quaedvlieg, W., Binder, M., Groenewald, J. Z., Summerell, B. A., Carnegie, A. J., Burgess, T. I. & Crous, P. W. 2014. Introducing the Consolidated Species Concept to resolve species in the Teratosphaeriaceae. Persoonia 33: 1–40.
Ronquist, F., Teslenko, M., van der Mark, P., Ayres, D. L., Darling, A., Höhna, S., Larget, B., Liu, L., Suchard, M. A. & Huelsenbeck, J. P. 2012. MrBayes 3.2: efficient Bayesian phylogenetic inference and model choice across a large model space. Systematic Biology 61(3): 539–542.
Ruibal, C., Platas, G. & Bills, G. F. 2005. Isolation and characterization of melanized fungi from limestone formations in Mallorca. Mycological Progress 4: 23–38.
Ruibal, C., Platas, G. & Bills, G. F. 2008. High diversity and morphological convergence among melanised fungi from rock formations in the Central Mountain System of Spain. Persoonia 21: 93–110.
Ruibal, C., Selbmann, L., Avci, S., Martin-Sanchez, P. M. & Gorbushina, A. A. 2018. Roof-Inhabiting Cousins of Rock-Inhabiting Fungi: Novel Melanized Microcolonial Fungal Species from Photocatalytically Reactive Subaerial Surfaces. Life 8: 30.
Selbmann, L., de Hoog, G. S., Mazzaglia, A., Friedmann, E. I. & Onofri, S. 2005. Fungi at the edge of life: cryptoendolithic black fungi from Antarctic desert. Studies in Mycology 51: 1–32.
Selbmann, L., de Hoog, G. S., Gerrits van den Ende, A. H. G., Ruibal, C., de Leo, F., Zucconi, L., Isola, D., Ruisi, S. & Onofri, S. 2008. Drought meets acid: three new genera in a dothidealean clade of extremotolerant fungi. Studies in Mycology 61: 1–20.
Selbmann, L., Isola, D., Egidi, E., Zucconi, L., Gueidan, C., de Hoog, G. & Onofri, S. 2014. Mountain tips as reservoirs for new rock-fungal entities: Saxomyces gen. nov. and four new species from the Alps. Fungal Diversity 65: 167–182.
Sert, H. B., Sümbül, H. & Sterflinger, K. 2007. Microcolonial fungi from antique marbles in Perge/Side/Termessos (Antalya/Turkey). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 91: 217–227.
Staley, J. T., Palmer, F. & Adams, B. 1982. Microcolonial fungi: common inhabitants on desert rocks? Science 215: 1093–1095.
Stamatakis, A. 2014. RAxML version 8: a tool for phylogenetic analysis and post-analysis of large phylogenies. Bioinformatics 30: 1312–1313.
Sterflinger, K. & Krumbein, W. E. 1995. Multiple stress factors affecting growth of rock inhabiting black fungi. Botanica Acta 108: 467–538.
Sterflinger, K. & Prillinger, H. 2001. Molecular taxonomy and biodiversity of rock fungal communities in an urban environment (Vienna, Austria). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 80: 275–286.
Su, L., Guo, L., Xiang, M., Cai, L. & Liu, X. 2015. Rupestriomyces and Spissiomyces, two new genera of rock-inhabiting fungi from China. Mycologia 107: 831–844.
Summerell, B. A., Groenewald, J. Z., Carnegie, A. J., Summerbell, R. C. & Crous, P. W. 2006. Eucalyptus microfungi known from culture. 2. Alysidiella, Fusculina and Phlogicylindrium genera nova, with notes on some other poorly known taxa. Fungal Diversity 23: 323–350.
Sutton B. C. 1971. Staninwardia gen.nov. (Melanconiales) on Eucalyptus. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 57: 539–542.
Sun, W., Su, L., Yang, S., Sun, J., Liu, B., Fu, R., Wu, B., Liu, X., Cai, L., Guo, L. & Xiang, M. 2020. Unveiling the Hidden Diversity of Rock-Inhabiting Fungi: Chaetothyriales from China. Journal of Fungi 6: 187.
Tesei, D., Marzban, G., Zakharova, K., Isola, D., Selbmann, L. & Sterflinger, K. 2012. Alteration of protein patterns in black rock inhabiting fungi as a response to different temperatures. Fungal Biology 116: 932–940.
White, T. J., Bruns, T. D., Lee, S. & Taylor, J. 1990. Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: Innis, M. A., Gelfand, D. H. (eds). PCR Protocols: A Guide to Methods and Applications, pp. 315–322. Academic Press: London.
Wijayawardene, N. N., Hyde, K. D., Lumbsch, H. T., Liu, J. K., Maharachchikumbura, S. S. N., Ekanayaka, A. H., Tian, Q. & Phookamsak, R. 2018. Outline of Ascomycota: 2017. Fungal Diversity 88: 167–263.
Wijayawardene, N. N., Hyde, K. D., Al-Ani, L. K. T., Tedersoo, L., Haelewaters, D., Rajeshkumar, K. C., Zhao, R. L., Aptroot, A., Leontyev, D. V., Saxena, R. K., Tokarev, Y. S., Dai, D. Q., Letcher, P. M., Stephenson, S. L., Ertz, D., Lumbsch, H. T., Kukwa, M., Issi, I. V., Madrid, H., Phillips, A. J. L., Selbmann, L., Pfliegler, W. P., Horváth, E., Bensch, K., Kirk, P. M., Kolaříková, K., Raja, H. A., Radek, R., Papp, V., Dima, B., Ma, J., Malosso, E., Takamatsu, S., Rambold, G., Gannibal, P. B., Triebel, D., Gautam, A. K., Avasthi, S., Suetrong, S., Timdal, E., Fryar, S. C., Delgado, G., Réblová, M., Doilom, M., Dolatabadi, S., Pawłowska, J. Z., Humber, R. A., Kodsueb, R., Sánchez-Castro, I., Goto, B. T., Silva, D. K. A., de Souza, F. A., Oehl, F., da Silva, G. A., Silva, I. R., Błaszkowski, J., Jobim, K., Maia, L. C., Barbosa, F. R., Fiuza, P. O., Divakar, P. K., Shenoy, B. D., Castañeda-Ruiz, R. F., Somrithipol, S., Lateef, A. A., Karunarathna, S. C., Tibpromma, S., Mortimer, P. E., Wanasinghe, D. N., Phookamsak, R., Xu, J., Wang, Y., Tian, F., Alvarado, P., Li, D. W., Kušan, I., Matočec, N., Mešić, A., Tkalčec, Z., Maharachchikumbura, S. S. N., Papizadeh, M., Heredia, G., Wartchow, F., Bakhshi, M., Boehm, E., Youssef, N., Hustad, V. P., Lawrey, J. D., Santiago, A. L. C. M. A., Bezerra, J. D. P., Souza-Motta, C. M., Firmino, A. L., Tian, Q., Houbraken, J., Hongsanan, S., Tanaka, K., Dissanayake, A. J., Monteiro, J. S., Grossart, H. P., Suija, A., Weerakoon, G., Etayo, J., Tsurykau, A., Vázquez, V., Mungai, P., Damm, U., Li, Q. R., Zhang, H., Boonmee, S., Lu, Y. Z., Becerra, A. G., Kendrick, B., Brearley, F. Q., Motiejūnaitė, J., Sharma, B., Khare, R., Gaikwad, S., Wijesundara, D. S. A., Tang, L. Z., He, M. Q., Flakus, A., Rodriguez-Flakus, P., Zhurbenko, M. P., McKenzie, E. H. C., Stadler, M., Bhat, D. J., Liu, J. K., Raza, M., et al. 2020. Outline of Fungi and fungus-like taxa. Mycosphaere 11: 1060–1456.
Zakharova, K., Tesei, D., Marzban, G., Dijksterhuis, J., Wyatt, T. & Sterflinger, K. 2013. Microcolonial fungi on rocks: A life in constant drought? Mycopathologia 175: 537–547.