Trachycarpidium echinatum (Pottiaceae) is here reported as a new genus and species for Thailand, where it occurs on soil in deciduous dipterocarp-oak hardwood seasonal forest in a protected area of the Hariphunchai Education Centre of Chiang Mai University, Lamphun Province, northern Thailand. A description, line drawings, photographs and SEM micrographs based on Thai material are provided, and the ecology and distribution of this species are described and discussed.
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